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By Published On: June 23, 2023Tags: 5.8 min read

Overview

Sajjana – Akṛta-droha (A Devotee Does Not Engage in Violence) was written by Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura Prabhupāda and published in Sajjana Toṣaṇī, Vol. 20, Issue 3 in 1917. Continuing from his previous article (Sajjana – Kṛpālu), Sarasvatī Ṭhākura explains how a true Vaiṣṇava is never violent to others in thought, word or deed.

(Translated from the original Bengali by Sanātana Dāsa and Parameśvarī Devī Dāsī.)

Previously, we had described the concept of mercy (kṛpālu) in a sajjana (A Devotee is Merciful – Sajjana Kṛpālu). If one secretly nurtures irrelevant motivations within one’s heart and comes to be known by the people of this world as a Vaiṣṇava, then such behaviour will never indicate that he is merciful. Even one who is actually averse to Hari and, in order to deceive people, is externally known by the designation ‘Vaiṣṇava’ should not possess the tendency known as envy internally. He who is an actual Vaiṣṇava, by his own svabhāva (inherent nature) has no tendency towards violence internally or externally. A vaiṣṇava-sajjana is merciful. Just as mercy is the embellishment of man, in the same way, violence is ugliness. A Vaiṣṇava is kind to others, but he is not defiant under the sway of violence. If violence is seen in a Vaiṣṇava, then he cannot be called merciful. If a covered truth is revealed for the benefit of others, it should be known as mercy. However, if lies is propagated by a malicious mind under the guise of truth, then that ‘mercy’ develops into violence.

Akṛta-droha (non-violence) is the second of the twenty-six qualities of a Vaiṣṇava. In this world, only a Vaiṣṇava is non-violent. He is not violent with others. Two types of violence are seen. Endeavouring to directly show violence to others with one’s mind, body and words – this is one type of violence. The other kind of violence is not to prevent a jīva who is the perpetrator of injustice, from planning to behave cruelly with another jīva. A Vaiṣṇava asks a jīva to become free from the coverings of anyābhilāṣa (other material desires), karma and jñāna, and to engage in hari-sevā. From this, his non-violent characteristic comes to be known. A Vaiṣṇava is thought of by ignorant jīvas who lack any vision of their future reactions, to be a hater of anyābhilāṣīs, karmīs and jñānīs, but since he is kind he becomes impelled by mercy and desires auspiciousness for the jīva and does not envy them. A Vaiṣṇava who becomes saddened for the jīvas and instructs them in service to Hari, is non-violent. One who is envious of others being propelled by the modes of passion and ignorance is known by all to be a violent non-devotee. These two types of violence never find a place within the inherent nature of a Vaiṣṇava.

Non-violence alone is the supreme dharma. We are aware of the various forms of cruelty to jīvas – the greed for animal flesh, the desire to taste the blood and skin of fish, the craving to eat eggs and those things still in the womb. In the guise of dharma, various kinds of wicked arguments appear in order to support the violent tendencies in some people. Violence towards weak animals and tormenting weak human beings is prohibited by the edicts of the nīti-śāstra (those scriptures dealing with ethics). In order to prevent unethical activities, different types of rules, regulations and secular dharma-śāstras have been propagated within civilised human society. Forgetting his real self, the jīva crosses these ethics due to his selfish mentality, causing inconvenience to other members of society. There is no chance of mitigating violent tendencies by artificial means. Only if the jīva becomes engaged in service to Hari can he can be freed from violence.

The violence of a non-Vaiṣṇava is a sin. If a wicked person commits sin he must experience anxiety. Hence engaging in violence is not a worthwhile activity for a non-Vaiṣṇava. A Vaiṣṇava cannot be violent with anyone. As a barren woman is unable to give birth to a son, as milk cannot be obtained from water, similarly it is impossible for a Vaiṣṇava to be violent. For the welfare of the society, the dharma-śāstra and scholars of ethics have decided that if one is benefited one should respond with favour, and if one faces violence one should respond with violence. There is no fault in this. But the broadminded Vaiṣṇava says, “If a non-devotee commits violence to a Vaiṣṇava, the Vaiṣṇava will tolerate it silently.

At the time when a digvijayī-paṇḍita, intoxicated with his scholarly prowess, collected a jaya-patra (a certificate of victory) from Śrī Rūpa and Śrī Sanātana, thereby committing violence against vaiṣṇavadharma, then due to the exemplary characters of the two Gosvāmīs, they signed the jaya-patra with cheerful faces. This is the non-violence of a Vaiṣṇava. Furthermore, when Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī showed his extraordinary tendency for non-violence by being merciful to the talented paṇḍita who was envious of Vaiṣṇavas and had committed violence towards his gurus, then Śrī Jīva’s compassionate heart did not become sullied by the defect of violence.

At the time when a rich brāḥmaṉa named Rāmacandra Khāṅ was in the process of committing violence against Śrī Hari Dāsa Ṭhākura and tried to cause trouble by sending a prostitute, then the great soul Hari Dāsa Ṭhākura did not take revenge on Rāmacandra Khaṅ. This is the non-violence of a Vaiṣṇava. There is no violence of any kind in Bhagavān’s compassion towards Jagāi and Mādhāī, in the mercy of Hari Dāsa Ṭhākura to the prostitute, and Gaurahari’s grace on Sārvabhauma. Vāsudeva who personally accepted punishment for the sins of the entire earth, and Christ who showed mercy to those who were inimical even when they showed violence by putting him on the cross etc. are indications of the non-violent mentality of the representatives of Hari.

This is why Śrī Gaurasundara has said, taror api sahiṣṇunā (‘One should be more tolerant than a tree.’).

taru-sama sahiṣṇutā vaiṣṇava karibe
bhartsana-tāḍane kāke kichu nā balibe

kāṭileha taru yena kichu nā bolaya
śukāiyā mare, tabu jala nā māgaya

(A Vaiṣṇava should be as tolerant as a tree. Even if anyone insults him or beats him, he will not say anything to anyone. Even when he is cut, the tree says nothing. If he is drying up and dying, he does not ask for water. Caitanyacaritāmṛta, Ādilīlā 17.27-28)

yei ye māgaye, tāre deya āpana-dhana
gharma-vṛṣṭi sahe, ānera karaye rakṣaṇa

(If anyone asks anything from him, he gives his own wealth. He tolerates the heat and the rain, and still protects others.Caitanyacaritāmṛta, Antyalīlā 120.24)

(Translated from Bengal by Swami B.V. Giri)

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Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura Prabhupāda appeared in this world in Jagannātha Purī in 1874. He was the son of Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura. Learning Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava philosophy from his esteemed father, he took initiation from the renowned ascetic, Śrī Gaura Kiśora Dāsa Bābāji in 1900. After accepting the sannyāsa order in 1918, he founded the Gauḍīya Maṭha with 64 centres in India and 3 abroad. Travelling the length and breadth of the subcontinent propagating the teachings of Śrī Caitanya, he departed from this world in 1937. He was the guru of many stalwart Vaiṣṇava ācāryas such as Śrīla A.C. Bhaktivedānta Swami Prabhupāda, Śrīla B.R. Śrīdhara Deva Gosvāmī and Śrīla B.P. Purī Gosvāmī.
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